Supreme Court of the United States
In the language of architecture, the Court buildings all around the world in most cases had the same idea to express, the same sentiment to evoke. They all had to show that justice is one of the highest human ideals, and is immune to human imperfections.
The Supreme Court of the United States is built in Neoclassical revival style, it was meant to remind about the ideals of the historic cradles of democracy and legislature, Greece and Rome. Built in white Georgia Marble, it shows longevity and purity.
Despite being built in a decorative style, this palace of justice has a modest, stern appearance. The flanks of the building are decorated with shallow Ionic order pilasters elevated on a pedestal, carrying a simple cornice. The wings of the building are encompassing four small inner courtyards, which provide enough natural light and air for the whole building and perhaps peace for the buildings occupants.
The entrance of the building demonstrates the classical temple which runs along the main axis of the building to the back, with more distinguished architectural elements than the flanks. The entrance portico is almost hypostyle, with two rows of closely set Corinthian pillars carrying the pediment.
On both sides of the wide entrance steps, two figures are resting on the pedestals, The Guardian of the Liberty and Equal Justice Under the Law. Upon the entrance, carved into the pediment, more of the figures are Contemplating the Justice, and to seal the statement of the monumental entrance, there are words engraved along the architrave.
The whole site, from the unique cast bases of the flagpoles, to the roof covered with tiles resembling Roman imbrex and tegula, shows the great endeavor of creating a grandly accessible structure for the American people.
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